mardi 16 novembre 2010

African literature - From the oral tradition to current trends by Prof. Dr. Djénéba TRAORE

The study of the development of African literature leads to various reflections on the future of the continent and its population.

Self-knowledge and consciousness of one's cultural identity are two major factors in the process of affirmation of one's personality. To share these values with the other continents of the globe is essential for the Africans whose culture and civilization have been denied or rejected during many centuries.

Through masterpieces of the oral and the written literature, this book makes a modest contribution to a better knowledge of the history of the African continent that has been marginalized for a long time, but has succeeded in surviving and moving forward. The book relates the story of prestigious empire of Mande, which has been marvelously told since the thirteenth century by griots and popular singers, Sunjata Kéita, the legendary hero and emperor of Mande whose life is a lesson, and the Charter of Kurukanfuga, historically the first charter in the world on human rights.

African literature is highly diversified, even though it shows some similarities. In fact, the common denominator of the cultures of the African continent is undoubtedly the oral tradition. Writing on black Africa started in the middle Ages with the introduction of the Arabic language and later, in the nineteenth century with introduction of the Latin alphabet. Since 1934, with the birth of the "Negritude," African authors began to write in French or in English. Since the 1960's quantitative and qualitative changes could be observed in the field of publication in both Francophone and Anglophone states.

The main objective of the present work is to give an overview of the origin and the role of griots in the African society, the different components of the oral tradition, and the major trends in the development of African literature. The study of the Negritude movement encompasses the historical context, the definition of the concept and its principal authors, ideological contradictions, the left wing of the Negritude, and the "Theory of the African Personality" in Anglophone countries. The monograph provides as well current trends in the African literature after 1960 and the response of a panel of African authors.

The author holds a PhD in social studies from the Humboldt University of Berlin in Germany. She taught, successively for many years, the history of African literature and German literature at the Ecole Normale Suprieure and the Faculty of Literatures, Languages, Arts and Social Sciences of the University of Bamako. From October 2008 to March 2009, she participated in the Fulbright Visiting Scholar program at Indiana University-Bloomington.

ISBN : 9783639290738
Classification : Social research & statistics
Format : Paperback (152mm x 229mm x 6mm)
Pages : 100
Publish Date : 7-Oct-2010
Country of Publication : Germany



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