samedi 18 août 2012

[XALAAT| SCIENCES | OPINIONS] "The ethnolinguistic clasification of the Seereer in question" - Pofrima Selo

The 42nd Annual Conference on African Linguistics (ACAL42 or ACAL2011) was held on June 10-12, 2011 at the University of Maryland (USA)

"The ethnolinguistic clasification of the Seereer in question"- Pofrima Selo (Papa Oumar Fall)          

 The ethnic groups wich consider themselves as Seereer are essentially located in Senegambia.The lack of mutual understanding between the speakers of different seereer dialects is problematic. Is language a sufficient criterion to classify ethnic groups in the seereer context? Pichl (1966), D. Sapir (1971), Doneux (1977), Gravrand (1981) consider the Seereer from Siin as the “original” ones and their dialects are considered to be the “authentic” seereer
language (Cf. Lopis-Sylla, 1997). Saafeen, Laalaa, Noon, Ndut and Paloor-siili communities (and languages) are categorized as “Cangin” and therefore excluded from Seereer. Doneux reattached them to Wolof (Fall, 2005, 2010).

This is causing a real unease, particularly at the Seereer community itself. The intellectuals
are questioning the relevance of the name "Cangin" and its ideological implications (denial of seereer membership) in the ethnolinguistic classifications of involved seereer sub-groups (Fall, 2010 et 2005; Ciss, 2001). My position is that “Seereer” is not really referring to one specific language. It simply corresponds to an ethnic denomination: the mythic symbol of the threatened identity of the socalled groups and/or languages, e.g. the Seereer Siingandum, the Seereer-Laalaa, the SeereerOl, the Seereer-Saafi, etc. The associated terms -Siingandum, -Laalaa, -Ol, -Saafi permit the
Seereer themselves to point out the differences between the (various) Seereer subgroups and dialects. Another fact is that the people (“ethnic groups?”) in Senegambia are so mobile, in time and in space, that we have a common cultural, linguistical and ethnical background in
the entire area. In the Seereer context, this mobility is a source of mutual influences, both
internal (between seereer subgroups) and external (between seereer and non-seereer).


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